|Venomous Snakes Of The Middle East
Cobra: Sometimes called an Asp. The Egyptian Cobra can grow to eight
feet in length. When agitated the front part of it's body rises from the
ground and it spreads it's hood, just below the head. This Cobra is
responsible for many deaths. It's Neurotoxic venom can cause paralysis
and death within 15 minutes. Colors range from grey, yellow to brown and
black. Some Cobras can spray their venom into the eyes of their prey,
for close to seven feet, causing permanent blindness. Often hisses
loudly as a warning. The sight of this snake standing erect can stop
elephants in their tracks. The Egyptian Cobra can be found in most any
location of it's range and is even found in and around homes. Range
includes almost all of Africa and much of the Middle East.
Desert Viper: Inhabits northern Africa and the Middle East. The
Horned Viper often has small horns on it's head but not always present.
The coloring of this snake varies as with most. It's colors often fit
well into it's environment making it hard to notice. During the day this
snake burrows into the sand making it easy to step on, which usually
results in a bite. It snake prefers dry sandy areas but is sometimes
found around a desert oasis. Active in the open at night. Uses a side
winding action to travel.
viper: This viper and it's relatives inhabit north Africa, the
Middle East and parts of Asia. It can be found from farmlands to
mountains and varies to most all areas. This snake bites quickly and
it's venom is very dangerous, causing many deaths. Often hisses loudly
when threatened. Colors vary from grey to brown to olive green. Both
lighter and darker with a pattern.
viper: A Desert snake which likes to cover itself on the surface in
loose sand. It is known to be very aggressive. Found in the desert area
bordering Pakistan, Iran, and Afghanistan. Also reported in desert parts
of India. Blends well with the sandy areas it inhabits and so is easy to
step on. Known to climb into small bushes.
viper: Inhabits an area of the middle east including Turkey, Syria,
Palestine, Israel, Lebanon, and Jordan. The Palestinian viper is active
and aggressive at night. Prefers dry areas, often found around farms,
stables and even enters homes. This snake will hiss loudly and bite
Adder: The Puff Adder is one of Africa's most common snakes. The
Puff Adder inhabits most of Africa, Saudi Arabia and part of southwest
Asia. It readily bites if approached, sometimes provides warning with a
loud hiss. It prefers not to live in true deserts or rainforests.
Nocturnal but has good camouflage and is difficult to see in the day.
Can strike very quickly to the front and sides.
viper: This snake resides from the northern half of Africa to
southwest Asia. It is a nocturnal desert dweller. The Sand viper has a
short temper and will strike without hesitation or warning. Will
partially bury itself in the sand and lay motionless and very difficult
to see. Easily stepped on. Very rough scaled with a large triangular
viper: Responsible for many snake bites and deaths. The Saw Scaled
viper produces a rasping sound with it's scales. Small at 18 to 24
inches but very short tempered. This snake has very potent venom. Common
in dry areas, farms, barns, rural villages and rocky areas. It often
hides under loose rocks or other items. Nocturnal, it buries itself in
leaves or sand if not hidden. Sometimes climbs trees and bushes,
especially when it rains. Uses it's scales to produce a raspy sound when
threatened. Very aggressive, will readily strike.
Hints To Avoid A Bite
- Don't try to pick up or trap a snake! It
sounds strange, but many people are bitten trying to grab or trap a snake
they have encountered.
- Walk around a snake giving it plenty
- Don't try to kill the snake just because you
have found it in the wilderness. This often ends in ways that are less
than desirable and snakes are very important to the environment.
- Don't put your hands or feet in places where
you cannot see such as tall grass, holes or crevices in logs, rocks or in
the ground. Don't pick anything up without first flipping it over with a
small tree branch, hiking pole or other item.
- Do not go bare foot or wear sandals when
exploring the outdoors. Always wear leather hiking boots or other suitable
footwear and clothing.
- Watch where you step, especially around
trees, brush or tall grass. Be alert to your surroundings. Remember,
Snakes often lay motionless and may be unnoticeable.
- If sleeping outdoors without a tent, don't
lay next to rocks, tall grass, brush or logs. Use mosquito netting to
create a barrier around yourself. Tuck mosquito netting well under your
sleeping bag and anchor it well away from your body with logs, rocks or
other items. Sleeping on a cot is preferable.